Selasa, 20 Juli 2010

The Economy Of Bali

Three decades ago, the Balinese economy was largely agriculture-based in terms of both output and employment. Tourism is now the largest single industry; and as a result, Bali is one of Indonesia’s wealthiest regions. About 80% of Bali's economy depends on tourism.[15] The economy, however, suffered significantly as a result of the terrorist bombings 2002 and 2005. The tourism industry is slowly recovering once again.

Although tourism produces the economy’s largest output, agriculture is still the island’s biggest employer;[16][citation needed] most notably rice cultivation. Crops grown in smaller amounts include fruit, vegetables, Coffea arabica and other cash[citation needed] Fishing also provides a significant number of jobs. Bali is also famous for its artisans who produce a vast array of handicrafts, including batik and ikat cloth and clothing, wooden carvings, stone carvings, painted art and silverware. Notably, individual villages typically adopt a single product, such as wind chimes or wooden furniture. and subsistence crops.

Trademarks of processed foods and beverages, Starbucks, KFC, A & W Restaurants, McDonald's, The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf. and others in discovery shopping center, Kuta, Bali.

The Arabica coffee production region is the highland region of Kintamani near Mount Batur. Generally, Balinese coffee is processed using the wet method. This results in a sweet, soft coffee with good consistency. Typical flavors include lemon and other citrus notes.[17] Many coffee farmers in Kintamani are members of a traditional farming system called Subak Abian, which is based on the HinduGeographical Indication.[18] philosophy of "Tri Hita Karana”. According to this philosophy, the three causes of happiness are good relations with God, other people and the environment. The Subak Abian system is ideally suited to the production of fair trade and organic coffee production. Arabica coffee from Kintamani is the first product in Indonesia to request a

Although significant tourism exists in the north, centre and east of the island, the tourism industry is overwhelmingly focused in the south. The main tourist locations are the town of Kuta (with its beach), and its outer suburbs (which were once independent townships) of Legian and Seminyak; the east coast town of Sanur (once the only tourist hub); to the south of the airport is Jimbaran; in the center of the island Ubud; and the newer development of Nusa Dua.

Another increasingly important source of income for Bali is what is called "Congress Tourism" from the frequent international conferences held on the island, especially after the terrorist bombings of 2002 and 2005; ostensibly to resurrect Bali's damaged tourism industry as well as its tarnished image.

The American government lifted its travel warnings in 2008. As of 2009 the Australian government still rates it a 4 danger level (the same as several countries in central Africa) on a scale of 5.

An offshoot of tourism is the growing real estate industry in Bali. Bali real estate has been rapidly developing in the main tourist districts of Kuta, Legian, Seminyak and Oberoi. Most recently, high end 5 star projects are under development on the Bukit peninsula on the south side of the island. Million dollar villas are springing up along the cliff sides of south Bali, commanding panoramic ocean views. Foreign and domestic (many Jakarta individuals and companies are fairly active) investment into other areas of the island also continues to grow. Land prices, despite the worldwide economic crisis have remained stable.

surfing on the island of Gods.

In the last half of 2008, Indonesia's currency had dropped approximately 30% against the US dollar, providing many overseas visitors value for their currencies. Visitor arrivals for 2009 were forecast to drop 8% (which would be higher than 2007 levels), but this is due to the worldwide economic crisis which has also affected the global tourist industry and not due to any travel warnings.

Bali's tourism economy has not only survived the horrible terrorist bombings of 2002 and 2005, the tourism industry has slowly recovered and surpassed its pre-terrorist bombing levels and the longterm trend is a steady increase of visitor arrivals.

The Indonesian Tourism Ministry expects more visitors arrivals in 2010, whose target for visitor arrivals is aimed to be the highest ever.[19]

Bali's tourism brand is Bali Shanti Shanti Shanti.[20] Where Shanti derived from Sanskrit "Shanti" (शान्‍ति) meaning peace.

Taken from : Bali-Wikipedia

Bali Transpotation

Bali has no railway network but a very good road network is available, especially to the tourist destination areas. Most residents have private vehicles and choose to use it because public transportation is not available with either, except for taxis. Types of public transport in Bali :

  • Gig, using the horse as a vehicle towing

  • Motorcycle taxi

  • Bemo, serving in & intercity

  • Taxi

  • Bus, serving the intercity relations, rural, and between provinces

Bali connected with Java by ferry service linking the port with the Port Gilimanuk Ketapang in Banyuwangi, a long journey took about 30 to 45 minutes. Crossing to Lombok Island through Padang Bay to the Port of Port of Sheet, which takes about four hours.
Air transport is served by the Ngurah Rai International Airport, with destinations to major cities in Indonesia, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, and Japan. Runway and aircraft coming and going can be seen clearly from the beach. Taken from : Bali-Wikipedia

The Demografi of Bali

Bali residents about a number of 4 million inhabitants, with 92.3% majority Hindu religion.
Other religions are Buddhism, Islam, Protestantism, and Catholicism.

Apart from tourism, the population of Bali is also a living from agriculture and fisheries. Some also choose to become artists. The language used in Bali is Indonesian, Balinese, and English especially for those who work in the tourism sector.

Balinese and Indonesian language is the language most widely use in Bali, and as with other Indonesian citizens, most Balinese people are bilingual or even trilingual. Although there are several dialects in the language of Bali, the Balinese people generally use a form of Balinese language intercourse as an option in communicating. Traditionally, the use of various dialects of the Balinese language is determined based on the color of the chess system in Hindu Dharma and clan membership (the term of Bali: soroh, gotra), although implementation of these traditions tend to decrease.

English is a third language (and the primary foreign language) for many of the people of Bali, which is influenced by the great needs of the tourism industry. Those employees who work at tourist information centers in Bali, often also understand some of the foreign language with sufficient competence.

Source : Bali-Wikipedia

The History Of Bali

The first inhabitants of the island of Bali is expected to come in 3000-2500 BCE who migrated from Asia. [3] Remains of stone tools from this period discovered in the village strangling located in the western part of the island. [4] Age of prehistory and ending with the arrival of Hinduism and Sanskrit texts from India in 100 BC. [citation needed]

Balinese culture and Indian culture have a strong influence, the process is more rapid after the first century AD. Name Balidwipa (Bali Island) began found in various inscriptions, including inscriptions Blanjong published by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 913 AD and mentioning the word Walidwipa. It is estimated that around this time that the irrigation system water control system for rice cultivation have been developed. Some religious and cultural traditions also began to develop at that time. Kingdom of Majapahit (1293-1500 AD) who are Hindus and centered on the island of Java, had founded the kingdom of subordinates in Bali around the year 1343 AD It was almost all over the country are Hindus, but as the advent of Islam stood Islamic kingdoms in the archipelago, among others, led to the collapse of Majapahit. Many nobles, priests, artists, and other Hindu community when it was out of the way from Java to Bali.

Europeans who first discovered Bali is Cornelis de Houtman from the Netherlands in 1597, though a Portuguese ship had previously been stranded near the promontory of Bukit, Jimbaran, in 1585. Dutch East India Company began to implement through colonization in the land of Bali, but continue to get resistance, so until the end of the power of their position in Bali is not as solid as their position in the Java or the Moluccas. Starting from the northern region of Bali, since the 1840s the Netherlands has become a permanent presence, which was initially performed with the pit-lamb of the ruler of Bali that mutual distrust each other. The Dutch made a major assault by land and sea against the Sanur region, and followed by the area of Denpasar. Parties in Bali that have lost the number and weaponry do not want to experience shame for surrender, thus causing the war to the death or bellows, which involves all the people both men and women including the king. An estimated 4,000 people died in the incident, although the Netherlands has ordered them to surrender. Furthermore, the Dutch governors who ruled only a few gave its influence on this island, so that local control of religion and culture generally remained unchanged.

Japan occupied Bali during World War II, and then a military officer named I Gusti Ngurah Rai Bali forming forces 'freedom fighters'. Following the surrender of Japan in the Pacific in August 1945, the Dutch promptly returned to Indonesia (including Bali) to re-establish its colonial rule like the situation before the war. This was opposed by the resistance forces of Bali who then use the Japanese weapons.

November 20, 1940, burst Puputan Margarana battle that occurred in the village of Marga, Tabanan, Bali middle. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, aged 29 years, led his troops from the territory east of Bali to take the offensive to death in the Netherlands armed forces. All members of the battalion were killed in Bali is everything, and make it as a last Balinese military resistance.

In 1946 the Dutch made Bali as one of 13 areas part of the new State of East Indonesia was proclaimed, named as one of the countries competing for the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali then also incorporated into the United States of Indonesia when the Dutch recognized Indonesian independence on December 29, 1949. In 1950, became a province of the Republic of Indonesia.

Mount Agung eruption that occurred in 1963, had time to shake the people's economy and caused many residents of Bali transmigrate to other areas in Indonesia.

Year 1965, along with the failure by the G30S coup against the national government in Jakarta, Bali and many other areas of crushing occurred against members and sympathizers of the Communist Party of Indonesia. In Bali, it is estimated more than 100,000 people killed or missing. Nevertheless, events in the early days of New Order until the date of this law has not been successfully expressed. [5]

Terrorist attacks have occurred on October 12, 2002, a bomb attack in Bali in 2002 at the Kuta Beach tourist area, causing as many as 202 persons were killed and 209 others were injured. Bali bomb attacks in 2005 also occurred three years later in Kuta and Jimbaran beach. These events received extensive international coverage because most of the victims were foreign tourists, and caused the Bali tourism industry facing tough challenges in recent years

Source : Bali-Wikipedia

Geografi of Bali

Bali Island is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands along the 153 km and width of 112 km around 3.2 km from the island of Java.
Astronomically, Bali is located at 8 ° 25'23 "south latitude and 115 ° 14'55" east longitude which makes it a tropical climate like the rest of Indonesia.

The highest point is Mount Agung in Bali as high as 3148 m. The volcano last erupted in March 1963. Mount Batur is also one of the mountain in Bali. Around 30,000 years ago, Mount Batur erupted and produced a tremendous disaster on earth. Unlike in the north, the southern part of Bali is by flowing lowland rivers.

Based on the relief and topography, in the middle of the island of Bali lies the mountains that extend from west to east and between these mountains there are clusters of the volcano mount Batur and mount Agung volcano and no mountain is Mount Merbuk, mount Patas, and mount Seraya. The existence of these mountains cause by Geographic Area Bali is divided into 2 (two) are not the same part of Northern Bali with a narrow lowland and less sloping, and the South of Bali with a broad lowland and sloping.Bali slope consists of flat land (0-2%) of 122 652 ha of land, undulating (2-15%) of 118 339 ha of land, steep (15-40%) of 190 486 ha, and land is very steep (> 40% ) covering 132 189 ha. Province of Bali has 4 (four) lakes are located in mountainous areas are: Lake Beratan, Buyan, Tamblingan and Lake Batur.

Capital city of Bali is Denpasar. Other important places as the center of Ubud art is located in Gianyar regency, while Kuta, Sanur, Seminyak, Jimbaran and Nusa Dua is a place that became a tourist destination, both tourist beaches and resorts.

The total area of Bali Province is 0.29% 5636.66 km2 or area of the Republic of Indonesia. Bali Province is administratively divided into nine districts, 55 districts and 701 villages.

Senin, 19 Juli 2010

General About Bali

Bali island is also famous as "The Island Of Gods" or the other designation of " The Island with a thousand temples". Balinese daily life was marked by religious rituals and traditions are still upheld. Bali lies between Java and Lombok Island. Denpasar is the capital of his province, which lies on the southern island. The majority of the population of Bali is Hindu. In the world, Bali is known as a tourist destination with a unique variety of art-culture, especially for the Japanese and Australian tourists. Since the acquisition by the Dutch, Bali seemed wide open for visits of strangers. Bali is not just the arrival of foreigners as travelers but not a few scholars and cultural aspirant who come to record the uniqueness of Balinese culture and art. From the aspirant culture consisting of letters, writers, and this is the uniqueness of Balinese painters more spread internationally. Submission of information through various media by a stranger was able to attract travelers to visit Bali. Admiration will arouse interest in the land of Bali and the stanger gives the title to Bali. The Island of the Gods, The Island of Paradise, the Island of thousand Temples, The Morning of the World at various other honors name.

Controlling these rapid developments, the Regional Government of Bali and then set the 15 regions in Bali as a tourist residential area following its supporting facilities such as restaurants and shopping centers. Up to now, Bali has already more than 35,000 hotel rooms consisting of classes Cottage Tour, standard hotel, up 5 Stars. Facility hotels are appearing in various forms ranging from house model, standard hotels, villas, bungalows, and boutique hotels with price variation. This diversity gives more value to Bali because it offers many options to travelers As a result of the development of tourist visits, various supporting facilities such as restaurants, art shops, art market, entertainment, and recreation is growing fast in residential centers or tourist attractions in the region. The travelers who visited Bali, finally has many options to enjoy their holiday in Bali. **sources : Wikipedia,, Bali provincial government official website